Inspirational posts on my new blog! Inspiration Unlimited.

30 Apr

Shahrukh Khan– Adversity is an under-rated teacher


My new blog on famous people and inspiration

29 Apr

On not getting a trophy– Sachin Tendulkar, Sunil Gavaskar

What turns a man into a rapist?

22 Dec

What happened in Delhi some days back has left us shocked, with a feeling of shame as well as rage, and remorse for what happened with the girl. This and the various such acts across the country over the years is worth the strictest punishment as established by law and parliamentary deliberation. No doubt.

The question of higher importance is not what punishment the guilty should be given. The question of higher importance for us homo-sapiens is how to address the problem of rape. And the answer to this perhaps lies in understanding the causes, the reason why humans become rapists.

So what turns a man into a rapist? Need for pleasure? Isn’t that available at the respective places? Aren’t there various ways to pleasure oneself? And is raping at all a means of pleasure? No. The motive of releasing severe pent-up frustration rather than pleasure seems to be satisfied by the doers of such acts. If we keep the factors of deviance and extreme sadism apart, do you think a rapist is a rapist right from childhood?

So why do they do what they do?

Hopelessness: A man with a dream, who is educated, having a satisfying income, social support, lot of optimism has hope. He knows the value of life and tries to preserve his own life and tries not to cause harm to the life of others. On the other hand in the society are (or are they really ‘in’ the society?) people who’s dream of an education never came true, are underpaid, unemployed, exploited and are looked upon as outcast. It is this portion of the population, the dissatisfied portion of the population which I believe is most prone to commit crimes- from stealing and robbery to rape. They perceive life as a pain. Consequently, they don’t value life, their own and of others too. The pain they have experienced since birth, they try to inflict on others. Partly displacement, partly deviant vengeance. Do you think a rapist doesn’t anticipate the consequences he will have to face once he commits the act? Perhaps life in our civilized society and behind the bars is the same for him. There has to be some cause in the social, economic, education set-up. Yes, the greatest guilty is the delinquent himself, but social (environmental) variables cannot be ignored. Criminology (criminal psychology) will point to the same direction.

The situation has to be addressed by the Government by taking effective measures to raise the standard of living of the broken poor before they start cursing their own life and that of others.

The theory of hopelessness however doesn’t answer delinquent behavior by the better-offs. Whatever the cause may be in their case, it is psychological. Learnt, not inherited.

Meanwhile, strictest legally established punishment to the guilty.

Illegitimate Tasks in Organizations

21 Dec

An employee is said to be given an Illegitimate Task when the task he or she is given falls outside his or her portfolio. Whenever a person joins an organization as an employee, certain things are fixed upon, such as his post in the organization and his salary. What is also fixed upon at the time of recruitment is the portfolio. The set of actions which a person is expected to do on job.

Every organization has a structure and has job hierarchies. These job hierarchies are formally known as Chain Of Command which shows who gives command to whom or in simple language who is the subordinate to whom. A superior in the Chain Of Command thus obviously has a higher authority which is often misused.

Imagine a young MBBS student who has just joined his one year compulsory rotatory internship at a local Government Medical Hospital. The internee is given the post of Junior Doctor whose job is to assist the main doctors in various specializations by getting the basic procedure of checking pulse rate, blood-pressure et cetera done. However the Internees are often ordered by such senior doctors to go and get their mobile phones repaired or get their electricity bills paid. And this is exactly what illegitimate task is.

Illegitimate Tasks not only make the person feel less proud and committed to his work but also deprives the person from learning and getting experience. What is more severe is that allotment of Illegitimate Task has been by several studies found to influence the mental and psychological well-being of the employee by increasing frustration and stress. When a professional joins a particular organization he has some expectations, apart from money. According to Hertzberg’s famous Two Factor theory, the Hygiene factors money and safety prevent dissatisfaction where as the Motivators such as responsibility, challenge of the work, status, lead to satisfaction. The person expects to learn by gaining experience where as he is actually asked to get the superior’s mobile phone repaired. This can disappoint the young employee who may continue the tradition later by displacing his past suffering on the juniors.

Just as there is the LOKPAL arrangement for reporting corruption and dealing with those found guilty, there has to be a committee to which an employee can report for Illegitimate Task. While corruption is a social evil, Illegitimate Task is an organizational evil. The managers and the entrepreneurs should be especially concerned with Illegitimate Task and must make provisions for reporting against illegitimate task and taking the required action against guilty, because perceived illegitimate task by employees has an inverse relationship with factors such as employee motivation, employee involvement, job satisfaction and organizational loyalty. In presence of illegitimate tasks, employees tend to indulge into counter-productive work behavior and production suffers.

From the perspectives of labor rights, it is the right of a worker to know what all work he is supposed to do right at the time of employment and is simply not liable to do any task that is outside such a pre-specified portfolio.

Reservation in India: The policy of unjust reservation

20 Dec

Read the title carefully. It isn’t ‘the unjust policy of reservation’. It is ‘the policy of unjust reservation.’ A country like India, which faces acute unequal distribution of wealth, needs the provision of a policy such as that of reservation. The question is not about the policy itself. The question is about the way it is enforced. The way beneficiaries benefit from it. Reservation has become since years a political issue, which no political party wants to lose by taking honest measurements, for that may displease their crucial vote-banks.

Reservation is politically an affirmative action. In other terminology it is positive discrimination against an underprivileged or underrepresented group of people. This positive discrimination is done by making provision of reservation in the Parliament, Educational Institutes and Job placements. But is this the right way of uplifting a group of people? Uplifting someone at the cost of the so-called better-off people?

A new model:

Instead of straight away providing seats in education institutes and direct job placement, the underprivileged people should be provided complete free resources. That is, free of cost schooling, free of cost coaching, free of cost personality development, free of cost food, free of cost clothes, and free of cost technology access to prepare for the various admission tests and job interviews. That is the underprivileged must get all the resources to prepare that a privileged person gets. The affirmative action ends here. Benefitting from the resources to the same extent as the privileged ones, the underprivileged will be equipped to compete the general (open) public in all admission tests and job interviews. Benefiting from the free resources, if, the underprivileged gets a seat on merit, it would be provided to him/her, but in no other case. A meritorious underprivileged upon getting a seat on merit may be given full fee waiver. But in no case an undeserving student should be enabled to get a seat. While the reality is that after availing reservation in education institutes as well as job placement, the Members in Parliament are now deliberating about providing reservation in promotion at job as well. Totally unjust.

It is the duty of the Government to facilitate the underprivileged all the resources for preparation- free of cost.

Instead the Government is letting the citizens (open and reserved) struggle among themselves and is slyly escaping from its responsibility.

How seats are wasted due to unjust reservation- the general public is denied available seats:

Recently (year 2012) it was noticed from the official website of a reputed University that out of the 80 reserve-seats of total 160 seats, there were only about 10 candidates in reserved quota had qualified the Written Tests and, hence, all of them were allotted Research Centres and Guides— without appearing for any Interview at all. Hence, there are no competitors, from the reserved categories, for the balance 70 vacancies {(160/2)-10=70}. On the other hand, 150 candidates (from the ‘open’ category) qualified the Written Exams, and 70 of them will have to be rejected admission—because the total number of vacancies in the ‘open’ category is only 80. (source: Wikipedia)

There is no doubt then, that the way the policy of reservation is enforced is unjust. Let us support the new and just model of reservation which would prevent the Government from escaping its duty of free of cost resources for preparation to the underprivileged rather than leaving the citizens to kill each other in competition for education and a living. Raise your voice, before it beats you up even at promotions!